Table of contents

1. General

This document is to provide information to SUBCONTRACTOR for executing the WORK. It gives minimum requirements and may be augmented by Company to give additional requirements that are specific to a certain location or OWNER.

It does not release SUBCONTRACTOR in any way from his obligation to observe the applicable legal regulations and requirements.

Key words are as defined in the General Conditions of Subcontract. Such words are shown in capitals.


2. Safety Policy

2.1 Introduction

It is Company's policy to ensure that each person at the SITE works in a safe and healthful environment. It is Company's objective to have an accident-free SITE.

To accomplish this, Company has their own Safety, Health, Welfare and Environmental (SHWE) Program. The purpose of Company's Safety Program is primarily preventive. Company aims to provide a work environment in which accidents cannot happen. Conditions which may cause accidents must be located and corrected in a timely way in order to accomplish this aim.

SUBCONTRACTOR shall prepare his own Safety Plan for the WORK which, as a minimum, shall cover the requirements as specified in this document.

SUBCONTRACTOR's Safety Plan shall also cover any specific safety items which are related to the type of WORK which SUBCONTRACTOR is executing.

SUBCONTRACTOR shall submit his Safety Plan to Company for approval. When necessary Company will augment SUBCONTRACTOR's Safety Plan from their own Safety Plan for the WORK.

Written safety programs do not always cover a specific work operation. It is expected that SUBCONTRACTOR will consult with Company regarding safety aspects of all nonstandard operations and shall perform work location and hazard analysis.

In the final analysis, a common sense approach on the part of everyone concerned is the best asset in achieving an accident-free SITE.


3. Responsibility and Authority

3.1 Safety Management

Company's SITE Safety Management along with the Safety Representative nominated by SUBCONTRACTOR have responsibility in providing management with the necessary services and guidance relating to an effective Safety, Health, Welfare and Environmental Program.

3.2 Line Management

Construction line management at the SITE level is the key to safe working conditions and must bear the principal responsibility for safety. SUBCONTRACTOR must see that his line management is properly aware of this responsibility.

3.3 Craft Labor

SUBCONTRACTOR must communicate all SHWE requirements to his personnel.

SUBCONTRACTOR shall ensure that this communication is done in a language which is understandable for his personnel at SITE.

This must be done through an induction program on arrival at SITE, through regular toolbox meetings and through daily communication between craft supervision and craft personnel.

3.4 Authority

3.4.1 Company expects that SUBCONTRACTOR will give his line management full authority to correct an unsafe condition. SUBCONTRACTOR's safety personnel shall have authority to stop work and direct remedial action relative to an unsafe condition.

3.4.2 Similarly, Company management and safety personnel have authority to stop SUBCONTRACTOR's work and direct remedial action.

3.5 Safety Meetings

SUBCONTRACTOR shall be properly represented in all safety meetings. Normally such representation shall consist of SUBCONTRACTOR's Site Manager and its Safety Representative, as required.


4. Site Rules and Regulations

4.1 Introduction

The rules and regulations included in this section shall be strictly followed by SUBCONTRACTOR and all personnel on SITE.

4.2 Personnel Control

4.2.1 Daily Force Reports

A complete list of all SUBCONTRACTOR personnel present on SITE must be in Company's possession by 09.00 hours each work day.

4.2.2 Head Counts

Company may make head counts of SUBCONTRACTOR's personnel on SITE on a regular basis and SUBCONTRACTOR's Timekeeping Department shall cooperate with Company in properly correlating head counts with SUBCONTRACTOR's daily force reports and time books if necessary.

4.2.3 Discipline

All personnel are expected to behave in an orderly fashion and observe all the rules and regulations laid down herein or issued otherwise by Company or other recognized authority. SUBCONTRACTOR is expected to properly discipline those persons who do not act properly.

4.2.4 Restricted Areas

Various areas of the SITE may be designated from time to time as restricted for some reason. Notices of these areas will be issued by Company in writing. All personnel are expected to observe the conditions laid down in these notices.

4.2.5 Traffic

The applicable traffic rules and regulations with respect to driving on the SITE, shall be strictly adhered to. National or OWNER rules and regulations may be augmented by Company to suit circumstances at SITE.

4.2.6 Contact Person Outside Normal Working Hours

SUBCONTRACTOR shall submit a list of names and telephone numbers of persons to be contacted in case of accident or emergency outside normal working hours.

4.3 Control of Construction Equipment

4.3.1 On a weekly basis, SUBCONTRACTOR shall furnish to Company a list showing number and type of all CONSTRUCTION EQUIPMENT utilized on SITE.

4.3.2 SUBCONTRACTOR shall maintain an inspection schedule for his CONSTRUCTION EQUIPMENT.

4.3.3 Rules applicable to equipment deployment and traffic control will be issued by Company to suit conditions of the particular SITE and location.

4.4 Subcontractor Area

4.4.1 SUBCONTRACTOR shall provide a plan to Company for approval showing how the area allotted to SUBCONTRACTOR for TEMPORARY FACILITIES will be utilized.

4.4.2 SUBCONTRACTOR shall furnish adequate change room facilities for his personnel. With Company's approval, eating facilities may also be furnished. The TEMPORARY FACILITIES shall be maintained in accordance with the highest standard of cleanliness and hygiene. The eating facilities shall be open at times approved by Company.

4.4.3 Lodging facilities are not permitted on SITE.

4.4.4 Parking areas will be designated by Company. Rules applicable to control of company and personal vehicles will be issued by Company.

4.4.5 Company and OWNER's staff will have free access at any time to any building or area of the SUBCONTRACTOR at SITE.

4.5 Personal Protective Clothing, Safety Gear and Equipment

Hard hats and safety shoes shall be worn at all times by all personnel on SITE, except in the office. Other protective gear, such as gloves, safety glasses, goggles, face shields, ear protection, toe guards and safety belts and respiratory equipment, shall be issued by SUBCONTRACTOR and shall be used when required. Additional safety devices may be required for certain activities or areas.

4.6 Emergency Procedures

4.6.1 Company shall issue instructions which are SITE specific, setting up procedures for warnings of emergency, evacuation arrangements, communication arrangements and responsibilities for action in an emergency.

4.7 Miscellaneous Regulations and Rules of Conduct

4.7.1 Gambling on SITE is forbidden.

4.7.2 Possession or carrying of weapons or firearms on SITE is prohibited.

4.7.3 Selling, advertisement, promotion and distribution on SITE of newspapers, leaflets or other material of a political, religious, immoral or subversive nature is forbidden.

4.7.4 Erection of any type of signboard or publicity poster on or adjacent to the SITE is subject to Company's approval.

4.7.5 Taking photographs or motion pictures on SITE is forbidden. Cameras are to be left at the gatehouse.

4.7.6 It is forbidden to make or repair items for private purposes on SITE.

4.7.7 Any general assembly on SITE except for properly authorized meetings is prohibited.

4.7.8 Animals are not allowed on SITE.

4.7.9 Personnel piracy is not allowed. SUBCONTRACTOR shall respect employment agreements of others.

4.7.10 All personnel on SITE are required to conform to the following minimum rules of conduct relating to safety while on the SITE and while away from the SITE in performing work duties.

4.7.11 All personnel on SITE shall wear clothing appropriate to their individual work assignments in accordance with normal work dress standards. Excessively loose, severely torn clothing and ties shall not be worn by personnel whose work exposes them to rotating or reciprocating equipment, such as pipe machines or mechanical hack saws, band saws, table saws etc. "Tank top" shirts, short sleeve shirts and leisurewear shorts are prohibited. Nylon/synthetic clothing shall not be worn when working with or exposed to flammable or volatile substances.

4.7.12 Selling or possessing drugs or intoxicants and alcoholic beverages on the SITE are prohibited. Any person whose actions and demeanor show symptoms of possible narcosis or drunkenness shall be removed from the SITE.

4.7.13 Indulgence in practical jokes, horseplay, scuffling, wrestling or fighting on SITE is forbidden.

4.7.14 Destroying or tampering with safety devices, signs and signals, or the willful and unnecessary discharging of fire extinguishers is prohibited.

4.7.15 Sleeping on the SITE is prohibited.

4.7.16 Smoking on the SITE within areas posted with "No Smoking" signs is prohibited. The carrying of strike-anywhere matches and coverless cigarette lighters is forbidden in areas where such items are prohibited.

4.7.17 Unauthorized operation of powered construction equipment is prohibited. Vehicle drivers shall have a valid vehicle operator's permit. Equipment operators shall have successfully demonstrated that they are able to operate the equipment.

4.7.18 Insubordination toward any supervisor or management personnel in respect to the carrying out of properly issued instructions or orders for safety and health purposes shall be sufficient cause for initiating disciplinary action.

4.8 Housekeeping Rules

SUBCONTRACTOR shall take all necessary steps to ensure that the SITE and the TEMPORARY FACILITIES are maintained in a safe, clean, healthy and sanitary condition and that the environment is preserved. Rules of cleanliness and orderliness shall be enforced amongst all personnel working at the SITE.

Contaminated soil, waste, refuse and scrap while on SITE shall all be properly stored in suitable containers and/or at areas designated and must be moved off SITE at regular intervals so as not to create a danger to personnel and/or the environment. Government/legal requirements in this respect shall be adhered to. Trucks carrying such material are subject to the same regulations as other vehicles relative to permits for removing material from SITE.

In lunch areas, all trash and scrap food shall be discarded in containers placed in the lunch area for that purpose. Beverages in glass bottles are prohibited. Only thermos, paper, metal or plastic containers/bottles and cups and the like may be used.

Roads and walkways shall be maintained clean and every effort shall be made to keep mud, slush and other slippery substances off roads and walkways.

Electrical extension cables and welding cables, water and air hoses shall be placed where they cannot be damaged, and where they cannot cause damage or injury. If placed in roadways or pipeways, the cables and hoses shall be placed in a protected trough or be suspended above the road or pavement surface. In roadways, the height shall be at least 6 meters; in pipeways, 2 meters. Excess cables, hoses, etc. are to be removed and cleared away each day.

Spilled oil, grease and other slippery substances shall be cleaned up immediately, temporarily isolated until cleaned up or sprinkled with enough dirt or sand to absorb the material and to eliminate slipperiness.

SUBCONTRACTOR shall keep a record of chemicals in use or stored on the SITE and indicate potential hazards and exposure limits as well as protective clothing/equipment necessary, fire prevention and first aid requirements. The record shall include chemicals used for passivation, cleaning, pickling, adhesives, epoxy resins and man-made fibres. All chemical containers shall be properly labelled and spillage and/or disposal in the environment must be prevented and, if occurred, reported to Company immediately.

MATERIALS and CONSTRUCTION EQUIPMENT not being used shall be stored safely in such a way that they will not obstruct other SITE activities.


5. Reporting

5.1 Reporting Injuries and Accidents

Reporting shall be done by SUBCONTRACTOR in line with Company's instructions for reporting and record keeping of occupational injuries and illnesses.

Each occupational injury and illness shall be reported promptly to SUBCONTRACTOR's safety representative and to Company in order to ensure that proper and adequate first aid or medical attention is obtained.

Occupational injuries and illnesses, the first symptoms of which become evident after completion of the working day, shall be reported to SUBCONTRACTOR's safety representative and to Company at the start of the next regularly scheduled working day.

All accidents in which SUBCONTRACTOR's employees are involved or which result in injury or illness to one or more employees of another SUBCONTRACTOR, or other persons, such as a private vehicle driver, passenger or pedestrian or a SITE visitor, shall be reported promptly to SUBCONTRACTOR's safety representative and to Company.

All accidents which result in damage to any constructed or partially constructed facility, or to CONSTRUCTION EQUIPMENT or private property, shall be reported promptly to SUBCONTRACTOR's safety representative and to Company.

5.2. Reporting Unsafe or Hazardous Conditions

Any unsafe or hazardous condition shall be promptly reported to SUBCONTRACTOR's safety representative and to Company, so that timely corrective action can be taken to prevent injuries or damage.

5.3. Reporting "Near Miss" Situations

Any "near miss" situation, which shall be deemed a dangerous occurrence, shall be promptly reported to SUBCONTRACTOR's safety representative and to Company, so that action can be taken to avoid such accidents in the future.

A definition of a dangerous occurrence is an unplanned event which has no detrimental end result but could easily have so resulted.

When a dangerous occurrence is reported an investigation must be undertaken by the SUBCONTRACTOR who committed the offence and a report submitted to Company.

The investigation must find out why the occurrence happened and what measures will be undertaken to ensure that it does not happen again with disastrous results. The Company Safety Engineer will ensure that all dangerous occurrences are discussed at safety meetings. SUBCONTRACTOR must ensure that such occurrences are discussed during "toolbox" meetings.


6. Safe Practice Rules

6.1 Machinery and Tool Guards

Machinery and tool guards are provided for protection against revolving or reciprocating parts. These guards shall be in place before the machine or tool is used and shall not be removed or made inoperative.

6.2 Scaffolds

6.2.1 Scaffolds shall be made of materials and constructed as approved by Labor Inspection/applicable authority.

Scaffolds shall be substantially constructed to carry the loads imposed upon them and to provide safe work platforms. All scaffolds shall have approved guard rails on all exposed ends and sides. Toe boards and screens shall be provided on all scaffolds. Toe boards shall have a minimum height of 15 cm. Scaffolds shall be plumb and level at all times.

In erecting scaffolds prescribed (manufacturer or local authority code) base width and height relation must be taken into account.

Barrels, boxes and other makeshift substitutes for scaffolds shall not be used. Scaffolds shall not be used as hoisting towers or to support pipe or equipment.

Scaffold planks shall be no less than 5 cm thick x 20 cm wide (nominal scaffold grade). Platforms shall be no less than 60 cm wide. All platform planks shall be secured to prevent displacement; if nailed, single headed nails shall be used only. Planking shall not be painted: this conceals defects.

Sectional mobile scaffolds to be constructed shall conform to manufacturers guidelines. All mobile scaffolds shall be properly secured when being used and wheel brakes must be locked.

Scaffolds shall be secured as a minimum every 6 meters vertically and every 10 meters horizontally. Sufficient sills or underpinning shall be provided for scaffolds erected on filled or otherwise soft ground.

All scaffolds shall be provided with a handrailing ca. 1 m above the floor and with a rail in between at ca. 0,50 m above the floor.

Climbing up or down a scaffold on braces or ledgers is forbidden. An easily accessible scaffold ladder shall always be provided to each level of the scaffold.

Loose tools or materials on scaffold platforms shall be secured by wire or fiber rope or shall be placed in secured containers. Storage of materials on scaffolding floors shall be kept to a minimum and scaffolding floors shall be cleaned regularly.

Work from a scaffold by standing on railings or braces is forbidden.

Personnel on suspended scaffolds, performing welding or flame cutting must be careful not to burn the cables. Personnel working on suspended scaffolds shall wear an approved safety belt attached by a lifeline to a permanent portion of the structure. They shall tie off before getting on the suspended scaffolds. Suspended scaffolds shall be carefully inspected, including the cables by which they are suspended.

Each scaffold shall be inspected before it is released for use. An inspection control tag shall be attached to the scaffold by the approved responsible subcontractor duly approved by the Company Safety Engineer. All scaffolds shall be inspected at regular intervals.

6.3 Ladders

Ladders shall be made of materials and constructed as approved by Labor Inspection/applicable authority. Use of wooden ladders must be specifically approved by the SUBCONTRACTOR's Safety Representative. Portable straight or extension ladders shall be placed at a safe angle and shall be secured to prevent displacement; the top of each ladder, giving access to a work area or platform, shall extend at least 1 meter above that level.

Metal ladders shall not be used in proximity to non-insulated electrically energized lines or equipment.

Personnel shall have both hands free when climbing or descending a ladder. No tools, material, nor any other objects shall be handcarried by the personnel while on the ladder.

6.4 Excavations and Trenches

Where personnel is working in a trench 1.5 meters deep or more, there shall be one or more ladders placed in the trench to provide routine and emergency exit from the bottom to the top edge of the trench. Ladders shall be placed at every 15 meters.

Excavations and trenches 1.5 meters or more in depth and located in unstable or soft ground, shall be shored or sloped in an approved manner.

Trenches deeper than 1.2 meters and less than 0.65 meter wide shall be classified as an enclosed area and require a work permit.

Trenches in hard compact material shall be shored or otherwise protected when 2 meters or more deep and 3 meters or more long.

Sides of trenches may be sloped in lieu of shoring but the slope may not be steeper than one meter rise for each one-half meter horizontal.

No material shall be stored closer than 1 meter from the edge of a trench or excavation; this includes the spoil bank, if any.

Barricades, handrails, signals or other appropriate warning devices to protect personnel from any hazardous operation or excavation shall be provided. Open trenches, excavations etc. shall be covered when handrails or barricades do not provide adequate protection.

All excavations shall be illuminated at night with approved amber lights. These shall be explosion-proof, transistorized flashing beacons of approved safety type.

Excavations and trenches shall be inspected daily by a competent person. If there is evidence of slides or cave-ins, all work in the exposed area shall cease until necessary precautions have been taken for the protection of personnel.

Exploratory holes shall be dug by hand in all areas where known or suspected underground cables or pipes are located. Machine excavation closer than 1 meter to any underground cable or pipe is forbidden.

6.5 Floor Openings, Holes and Edges

Floor openings or holes shall be protected by approved guard rails or covers. If covers are used, they shall be strong enough to support the loads to be imposed upon them and shall be secured to prevent accidental displacement.

All work areas, walkways, floors, platforms etc. elevated 1 meter or more shall be guarded by approved guardrails/barricades properly secured to prevent accidental displacement.

Ladderway floor openings or platforms shall be guarded by standard railings with toe boards on all exposed sides, except at entrance to opening where a gate should be provided or so arranged that a person cannot walk directly into the opening.

Hatchways and floor openings shall be guarded by railing and toe boards on exposed sides when the hole is open and a hinged cover of standard strength used when the hole is not in use. If the openings are not used, they shall be covered with materials of adequate strength.

Where doors or gates open directly on a stairway, a platform shall be provided and the swing of the door shall not reduce the effective width of the platform to less than 0.5 meter.

6.6 Wall Openings

Wall openings, from which there is a drop of more than 1 meter, shall be guarded as follows:

  1. When the height and location of the opening in relation to the working surface is such that a standard rail and midrail will effectively reduce the danger of falling, both shall be provided.
  2. The bottom of the wall opening shall be protected by a standard toe board or an enclosing screen.

An extension platform outside a wall opening, onto which materials can be hoisted for further handling, shall have side rails or equivalent guards. One side of the extension platform may have removable railings in order to facilitate handling materials.

6.7 Stairways

Each flight of stairs having four or more risers shall be equipped with handrails.

Stairways shall have stair railing on each side.

Stairways shall be free of hazardous projections, such as protruding nails. Debris and other loose material shall not be allowed on or under stairways. Slippery conditions on stairways shall be eliminated immediately after they occur.

All stairways must be well lit.

Riser height and tread width shall be uniform throughout any flight of stairs, including any foundation structure used as one or more treads of the stairs.

Spiral stairways shall not be permitted except for special limited usage and secondary access situations where it is not practical to provide a conventional stairway.

6.8 Hand Tools

Worn or broken hand tools shall be turned in for repair or replacement. A dull or broken tool is unsafe.

Hand tools shall be used for their intended purpose only. The design capacity of hand tools shall not be exceeded by unauthorized attachments.

6.9 Power Tools

Electrically powered tools and equipment shall be of double insulated quality and shall conform to the applicable standards/norms. Air hose connections shall be secured to prevent whipping in the event of accidental separation. Operating switches or levers requiring constant pressure for operation, shall not be tampered with to make the tool operate without constant hand or finger pressure.

The maximum speed at which grinding wheels shall be used shall equal or be less than the manufacturer's rated maximum speed for the wheel.

Safety glasses shall be worn by the operator and shall be of an approved type.

6.10 Explosive Actuated Tools

Only authorized and properly trained personnel may use explosive actuated tools; all such tools shall be used in accordance with manufacturer's instructions and applicable regulations.

6.11 Electrical Extension Cords

Only approved types of electrical extension cords shall be used; they shall be properly grounded. Damaged or inoperative cords shall be immediately repaired or replaced.

6.12 Work on Electrical Installations

Work on electrical installations shall only be executed by qualified and authorized personnel. All electrical equipment shall be de-energized before the work may start. Metal ladders shall not be used in proximity of non-insulated electrically energized lines or equipment.

All temporary electric power lines shall be handled as if they are energized.

6.13 Welding

6.13.1 Electrical Welding

Welding cable shall be connected in an approved manner. There shall be no exposed metal parts in any splice. Welding cable shall be inspected regularly. Splices shall be avoided.

The ground cable shall be attached as close as possible to the work piece by means of a clamp. The ground cable shall not be attached to an existing installation or apparatus. Welding of the ground cable is forbidden. No concrete reinforcing shall be used for grounding purpose.

Welding equipment shall be installed so that it can be seen by the welder during welding activities. Welding equipment may not be placed in the path of falling sparks.

Cables shall be kept clear from passage ways, ladders and stairs. When subject to damage, cables shall be protected by suitable covers.

When not in use, diesel welding machines, generators and transformers shall be switched off. When in use, they shall be protected by suitable covers. Refueling operations shall be done with the machine turned off.

Hot electrode holders shall not be dipped in water. This may expose the welder to electrical shock.

Welding equipment shall be inspected regularly.

6.13.2 Gas Welding and Burning

Welding or cutting torches and hoses shall not be connected to cylinders when stored. Cylinders shall not be placed in containers or buildings. When work is stopped and equipment is unattended, all valves at the gas and oxygen cylinders shall be closed. The hoses shall be bled and a check shall be made five minutes later for possible pressure build-up. Torches shall be removed from the hoses prior to putting them into the tool box. Smoking will not be permitted during this stopping procedure.

Special care shall be taken during overhead cutting and welding operations to safeguard and prevent falling sparks from starting a fire. Warning signs shall be posted around and at each level below the area of each overhead welding or burning operation. Fire extinguishers shall be available and fire blankets shall be used for protection.

When welding or cutting, adequate ventilation must be furnished.

Hoses shall be kept clear from passage ways, ladders and stairs. When hoses are subject to damage, they shall be properly protected. Hoses shall be inspected regularly.

The use of full or empty cylinders as supporting elements for welding activities is forbidden.

6.14 Compressed Gas Cylinders

Compressed gas cylinders shall be upright when in use, secured to prevent falling, and protected from flame and extreme heat and from being struck by moving equipment and falling objects. Special wrenches must be in place.

If transported by crane, hoist or derrick, compressed gas cylinders shall be handled in a suitable cradle, net or skip box, never by wire or fiber rope, web or chain sling, nor by dragging. Regulators shall be removed and protective valve caps placed.

Oxygen cylinders may never be stored near highly combustible materials, especially oil and grease, or near compressed fuel gas cylinders. Oxygen and fuel gas cylinders in storage shall be separated by a distance of 6 meters or by a wall 2 meters high made of fire-resistant material.

Caps shall be replaced on cylinders that are empty, and such cylinders shall be stored separately in a section clearly designated for empty cylinders.

Gas and oxygen cylinders shall not be taken into confined spaces.

Gas and oxygen cylinders shall not be placed on scaffolding.

Check valves shall be used immediately behind the reducing vent on acetylene cylinders.

Gas and oxygen cylinders shall only be used when secured on a cylinder carrier. Loose cylinders shall never be used.

6.15 Explosion and Gas Hazards

No work involving a source of ignition shall be attempted near any pit, manhole, open sewer, drain vent, pipe trench or any enclosed space where there is reason to believe that flammable vapors may be present, until tests have been made with an approved hydrocarbon vapor detector and oxygen detector. When said tests indicate the atmosphere is safe, work may proceed.

At locations similar to the ones above, where there is reason to believe that toxic gas may be present, similar tests with an approved toxic gas detector and oxygen detector shall be made. No work shall be performed in the location until said tests indicate toxic gas concentrations lower than the maximum permissible.

6.16 Fueling Equipment

No gasoline or diesel engine shall be fueled while it is running.

If fuel cans are used for refueling, they shall be approved metal safety fuel cans with a flash arresting screen, spring closing lid and spout cover that will safely relieve internal pressure if the can is exposed to fire.

There shall be no smoking or open flames within 8 meters of fuel storage tanks, fuel pumps or refueling operations. All fuel storage tanks shall be properly grounded in an approved manner; such electrical grounds shall not be removed without authorization.

6.17 Vehicle Operation

Each vehicle driver and operator of rubber-tired construction equipment shall comply with job speed limits and traffic control procedures.

No vehicle with an obstructed view shall be backed up unless it is equipped with an operating back-up alarm signal that is audible above the surrounding noise or unless an observer signals that it is safe to do so.

6.18 Crane Operation

All cranes and lifting equipment shall have a valid crane certificate before entering the work site. The equipment shall be inspected as required by law on a regular basis and a valid crane certificate shall be in SUBCONTRACTOR's possession at all times the equipment is on the site. A copy of inspection reports shall be submitted to Company's Safety Engineer.

Outriggers shall be used at all times, except when the crane is travelling. If the crane is provided with a load, every reasonable effort shall be made to keep the outriggers extended as far as is practical.

Hand signals to crane and derrick operators shall be those prescribed by the applicable standards for the type of crane in use. The use of two way radio is advocated.

Overhead electrical lines within the work area shall be marked with warning signs, 1.5 to 2 meters above the ground.

Rigging and boom changes shall be made by a competent mechanic under the supervision of a qualified supervisor.

Loose material shall not to be lifted other than in approved skip boxes.

All loads shall be verified as to the weight prior to being lifted. No load shall be lifted which exceeds the manufacturer's rated capacity of the crane. When one of the following conditions exists, SUBCONTRACTOR shall submit a safety plan and calculations for the lift to Company prior to starting the lift.

a. The lift requires stopping operations within an area around the load and crane.

b.Two booms are required to make the lift.

c. Poles or derricks have been erected for the specific lift.

d. Heavy and/or critical lifts at Company's discretion.

When mobile equipment is used near overhead power lines or bus bars, safe working distances shall be observed.

Electrical shielding of power lines shall be executed when minimum clearance distances cannot be maintained. The use of "TATTLETALES" is recommended to mark safe clearances.

The Company Safety Engineer shall be informed before work is started near these lines.

Adequate protection for underground cables and/or pipelines shall be provided. When crossing underground cables and/or pipelines with heavy equipment and/or loads, adequate mats or steel plates shall be used to prevent damage. During hoisting operations, the load shall be controlled from the ground by means of one or more ropes, "tag lines" to prevent the load from turning or swinging.

The operator shall be able to observe the load continually during lifting. Mirrors shall be provided whenever necessary to give full observation. Operators of lifting equipment shall do the following at the end of the workday:

a. Put down the load.

b. Lift the hook (put down dragline bucket).

c. Switch off motors, disconnect tension.

d. Close cabins and make operating equipment inaccessible for unauthorized people.

e. Take all necessary measures to safeguard the engine and boom at the end of the shift.

f. Cranes shall boom down, where possible or secure the load line at the end of the shift.

All slings and lifting cables shall be certified in accordance with legal regulations and inspected on a scheduled basis with faulty slings and cables being destroyed.

6.19 Man Baskets and Boatswain's Chairs

The use of man baskets and boatswain's chairs shall only be permitted when all other avenues to safely perform the work (scaffolds, ladders) have been exhausted.

The use of these devices shall be in strict accordance with all legal regulations. Personnel using these devices shall be protected by a safety belt and a lifeline.

Man baskets and boatswain's chairs shall be visible to crane or rig operators at all times.

6.20 Work with Ionizing Radiation

All work involving ionizing radiation shall be executed in strict accordance with all legal regulations and ICRP requirements regarding the use, storage and transport of radiation sources.

Ionizing radiation work may only be executed when a valid work permit is available.

A minimum of 2 qualified persons are required for each activity involving ionizing radiation.

Adequate warning signs shall be posted on barricades and the work area shall be marked off at safe distance with plastic tape prior to starting work involving ionizing radiation. No radio-active material shall be left unattended unless stored in the designated storage place.

Personnel executing radiation activities shall carry radiation metering devices at all times. These devices shall be calibrated at regular intervals.

While not in use radiation sources and their container shall be stored in a safe location. Adequate warning signs shall be placed around the storage area.

For permanent sources to be mounted in erected equipment, storage facilities will have to be created according to ICRP requirements. A competent person shall be nominated.

6.21 Work with Asbestos Materials

Materials containing asbestos have been condemned worldwide. No materials containing asbestos fibers must be used. When working in or on existing installations there could still be some equipment/material in situ which contains asbestos fibers. When working on such equipment/ material, utmost care must be taken to ensure that dust containing these fibers is kept localized and to a minimum density. Local health regulations relative to asbestos must be adhered to.

A guide to protect personnel executing work involving asbestos is stated below:

  • create changing facilities with showers in between a "clean" area and the work area. Each person must shower himself prior to entering the "clean" area;
  • wear a minimum of clothing under disposable overalls;
  • discard disposable overalls each time one leaves the contaminated area;
  • wrist and ankle openings must be taped off around rubber boots and gloves;
  • full face gas mask with appropriate filter must be worn over the overall hood;
  • when removal of contaminated material is completed, all dust must be sucked up with an industrial vacuum cleaner with inner bag. Waste material inclusive of overalls, gloves, boots and filter cartridges must be placed in plastic bags and clearly marked "asbestos waste";
  • plastic bags are to be disposed off according to local regulations and requirements.

6.22 Work in Enclosed Areas

The following general requirements must be adhered to when work has to be executed in an enclosed area:

  • a valid work permit is required;
  • sufficient temporary lighting shall be provided;
  • all electrical supply shall be low voltage;
  • safe access into and from the enclosed area shall be provided and shall be free of obstructions;
  • an evacuation procedure shall be available;
  • hoses for welding and burning shall be tested on leakage before entering into an enclosed area;
  • a charged firewater hose or fire extinguisher shall be located at every hot work position within the space and on the outside access platform near the manway;
  • adequate ventilation has to be provided and oxygen levels have to be checked at regular intervals;
  • a person shall be stand-by at the entrance (e.g. manway) during the whole period that activities in the enclosed area are executed;
  • the permit conditions shall be strictly adhered to.

6.23 Blast Cleaning

Blast cleaning shall not be performed without the work being covered by a written procedure and categorized as "hot work".

Blasting material shall not contain sand or any form of silica. Blast cleaning areas shall be isolated/demarcated in order to prevent dust grit or debris to spread and affect other areas. The required precautions against electrostatic discharges must be specified and shall include earthing of the blasting equipment and all other equipment in the area, including scaffolding.


7. Fire Prevention

7.1 Introduction

This section covers Company's requirements for fire prevention. SUBCONTRACTOR shall provide fire prevention facilities and shall make fire prevention arrangements on the basis of these requirements.

7.2 Fire Reporting

a. the person discovering a fire shall alert all personnel in the immediate vicinity and shall immediately thereafter follow the published instructions relative to reporting fires;

b. the emergency phone number(s) for reporting fires are to be prominently displayed.

7.3 Supervision of Fires

When a fire occurs, the nearest supervisor shall be responsible for all immediate fire suppression or control WORK until relieved by appointed/authorized personnel.

7.4 Fire Extinguishers

7.4.1 The location of fire extinguishers shall be known to all personnel.

7.4.2 Tags shall be used to indicate condition and date of inspection of fire extinguishers. Damaged, malfunctioning or empty fire extinguishers shall be repaired or refilled in a timely manner.

7.4.3 Fire Extinguisher DistributionThe location of permanently mounted fire extinguishers shall be clearly marked and free access maintained. They shall not be transferred from established locations. Fire extinguishers, suitable for the various classes of fire and with a content of at least 9 kg powder, shall be located as follows:

a. Portable or permanently mounted fire extinguishers shall be available throughout the SITE within 15 meters of any ongoing work involving welding, burning or use of open flames.

b. At least one permanently mounted fire extinguisher shall be provided in each building, preferably near a door, and additional fire extinguishers mounted as required to have one within 30 meters of any point inside the building.

c. Each item of industrial mobile equipment, including all welding machines, having diesel or gasoline engines, shall have a permanently attached mounted extinguisher.

d. At fuel or combustible material storage areas, extinguishers shall be located within 15 meters of any point on the perimeter of the stored material. In addition, these areas are to be fenced in, identified with signs restricting and prohibiting vehicle access, fire ignition sources and smoking. Aisle fire breaks shall be provided whenever combustible materials are stored.

e. A "BCF" fire extinguisher shall be mounted at each large electrical installation, such as a substation, transformer, generator or motor control center.

f. Regardless of the minimum number of fire extinguishers determined to be necessary, additional extinguishers shall be placed adjacent to scattered or widely separated hazards, welding shops, gasoline dispensing points, store rooms, fuel areas, and construction areas.

Extinguishers shall be maintained in a fully charged and operable condition, and kept in their designated places at all times when not in use.

7.5 Housekeeping

The following rules must be followed:

a. the storage of combustible materials under stairways or in attic crawl spaces is prohibited;

b. all combustible waste material shall be removed from building interiors at the end of each shift, and placed in waste receptacles located at least 2 meters away from any structure;

c. the accumulation of waste materials in out-of-the-way places, such as shelves, closets, bins, cabinets or other spaces, is prohibited;

d. the storage of any materials against the exterior of buildings is prohibited;

e. waste material receptacles shall be placed 3 meters away from any structure;

f. areas around and routes to fire doors, exits, stairways, fire hydrants, monitors or fire extinguishers shall be kept free and clear of obstruction;

g. clothing or rags soiled with oil or paint, and mops treated with oil, shall be stored in metal lockers that do not contain other combustible materials;

h. outside storage areas and grounds around structures shall be kept free and clear of weed and debris accumulations;

i. lint, fluff and dust accumulation in shops and similar locations shall be removed from all surfaces at least once each week;

j. flammable liquid spills shall be immediately cleaned from floors, ground, equipment and drip pans.

7.6 Smoking and Open Flames

The following rules must be followed:

a. "No Smoking" signs shall be strictly observed;

b. when smoking is not permitted except in specially designated smoking areas, adequate noncombustible commercial type ashtrays or butt cans shall be provided in these areas;

c. receptacles for discarded smoking materials shall be provided at the entrances to areas where smoking is prohibited;

d. ashtrays and other receptacles provided for smoking material shall not be emptied into containers of combustible materials;

e. fire created for disposal of trash shall not be permitted without the prior approval of Company;

f. "No Smoking" signs shall be posted and smoking shall not be permitted at the following locations:

1. locations subject to release of flammable vapors;

2. interior and exterior storage areas for flammable liquid, supply rooms, fuel oil storage and handling areas;

3. motor vehicle, woodworking, technical maintenance shop, garages and other locations;

4. battery rooms, valve pits, attics or crawl spaces.

7.7 Flammable Liquid Storage

The following rules must be followed:

a. Flammable liquids shall not be stored or dispensed in buildings or places of public assembly, general warehouses and/or in buildings containing sources of ignition, such as space heaters, cooking devices, open electric motors, motor vehicles or where welding or cutting or power generation operations are conducted.

b. Inside storage of flammable liquids shall be confined to isolated fire resistant buildings, except that small quantities in approved sealed containers may be kept in medical facilities where they are required. These supplies will be stored in well-ventilated metal cabinets when not in use.

c. Gasoline, acetone, alcohol, naphtha and benzene shall not be used for kindling fires or as a solvent for cleaning clothes, tools, equipment or exterior of buildings. Only approved solvents shall be used for cleaning purposes.

d. Storage of paints or paint materials, other than in paint storage buildings, shall not exceed 100 liters capacity, and shall be in the original sealed containers and be stored in ventilated metal cabinets, isolated from other materials.

e. Flammable liquids stored in any building in addition to liquids in tanks or devices used for such purposes as cleaning parts shall not exceed 100 liters aggregate capacity.

f. In paint shops, flammable paint materials in containers in excess of 4 liters but not exceeding 100 liters must be stored in ventilated steel cabinets.

g. Fuel cans used for gasoline shall be approved safety cans and shall have the upper part and top painted red to identify them. These cans shall only be used for gasoline, and gasoline shall not be placed in unmarked cans.

h. Drums, cans and other flammable liquid containers shall be tightly closed, except when being filled or emptied.

i. Personnel coming into contact with flammable liquids in the course of their assigned duties shall be thoroughly trained in the hazard of these products.

j. Rubbish, brush, long grass or other combustible materials shall be removed from the immediate areas where flammable liquids are stored and handled.

k. "No Smoking" signs shall be placed conspicuously in and around storage locations, and carrying open lights, matches, lighters and the like shall be prohibited.

7.8 Heaters

a. All temporary gas heaters shall have a minimum clear space of 1 meter from the front and both sides. The back of the heater, if not provided with a shield, shall be at least 1 meter away from the wall. Gas lines on LPG (propane) gas heaters shall be equipped with an approved pressure regulator, and all gas lines inside the structure shall be protected from impact damage. The heater shall be anchored to the floor of the structure or immobilized in some other manner. All such heaters shall have an approved pilot valve, which cuts off the gas flow in the event of flame loss.

b. Gravity flow oil heaters shall be equipped with an automatic flow valve or an equivalent device that will stop the flow of oil in the event of flame loss.

c. Electric heating units in wooden buildings shall be provided with adequate guards and placed on a plate of fire resistant material.

d. Clothing shall not be hung over heaters, nor shall objects be placed on the heater.

7.9 General fire Prevention Rules

a. The area around welding/cutting or other flame producing operations must be kept free of flammable materials of all kinds.

b. Welding/cutting or any spark or flame producing operation must be stopped within a radius of 10 meters during refueling operations. All motors shall be switched off during refueling.

c. All tarpaulins used shall be fireproof.


8. First Aid Arrangements

8.1 Introduction

This section covers the requirements for first aid arrangements to be provided by SUBCONTRACTOR.

8.2 First Aid Facilities

SUBCONTRACTOR shall provide first aid facilities for his own personnel for the treatment of minor injuries such as the removal of splinters, treatment of minor cuts and bruises and the like. For this purpose a proper first aid kit must be available in the SUBCONTRACTOR's office and a SUBCONTRACTOR employee qualified to render first aid must be appointed. Each SUBCONTRACTOR shall keep a record of all first aid treatments, a copy of which is to be given to the Company Safety Engineer. The Company Safety Engineer shall make central arrangements for the disposition of injuries that cannot be treated at SITE.

Arrangements will be made with:

  • OWNER's medical facilities, if available;
  • local doctor(s) (who can also be called upon to provide initial emergency treatment at SITE);
  • local ambulance service(s);
  • local hospitals.

Such arrangements will be published throughout the SITE with procedural instructions as to authority and responsibility for contacting these medical support facilities.

8.3 First Aid Nurse

On specific construction projects Company may employ a qualified first aid nurse with a fully employed first aid room provided. On such projects first aid and medical attendance will be provided by this central facility. SUBCONTRACTOR, however, is still required to have his own first aid kits and attend to the minor injuries as referred to above.


9. Security

9.1 Introduction

The regulations included in this section shall be strictly followed by SUBCONTRACTOR on SITE.

9.2 Identification

At all times, all personnel on SITE must possess an identification card or badge in a form approved by Company. Such identification shall also be used to gain access to the SITE.

9.3 Visitors

Visitors are subject to all rules of identification, safety and discipline. Before entering the SITE, visitors shall receive a pass from the guard listing name, firm, person to be visited, date and time of entrance and other pertinent information. The person visited shall record time of departure on the pass and sign it. The visitor shall return the pass to the guard on departure.

9.4 Guards Services

Security guards will be instructed by Company/OWNER only. All incoming and outgoing personnel, visitors and traffic will be controlled by the guard. The guard's authority includes the right to search any person or vehicle before entry or exit and to refuse entrance to SITE to any person not meeting security requirements.

9.5 Movement of Material

All MATERIALS, CONSTRUCTION EQUIPMENT and TEMPORARY FACILITIES leaving the SITE shall be accompanied with an Out Shipment Report (Form No. BN-UC-18) signed by Company.

9.6 Fencing

SITE fencing, or the modification or removal thereof may only be executed with the written approval from Company.

9.7 Material Storage

SUBCONTRACTOR shall provide adequate security fencing in his storage area to protect materials which have to be stored outdoors. High risk materials shall be stored in a locked warehouse only.

9.8 Lost/Found Objects

When objects have been found or lost at SITE this shall be immediately reported to Company.